The Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden (known colloquially as the Staatskapelle Dresden) is a German orchestra based in Dresden. Founded in 1548 by Maurice, Elector of Saxony, it is one of the world's oldest orchestras. Its precursor ensemble was Die Kurfürstlich-Sächsische und Königlich-Polnische Kapelle (The Saxony Elector and Royal Polish Band). The orchestra is the musical body of the Sächsische Staatsoper (Saxon State Opera). The venue of the orchestra is the Semperoper opera house.